Posted by: frodas | May 31, 2010

The Quarterlife Generation: What is College For?

There are is great amount of reasons why people pursue a college education. After the completion of high school it is natural for students to think about furthering their education at a four year college. The most common reason for people to attend a college institution is to simply extend their knowledge after high school. Newly learned skills are put into practice by applying them in your career path. Often people attend college simply to obtain a diploma in order to enter the workforce. Higher education allows people of all ages and backgrounds to become well rounded by exploring different views of the world.

First of all, a career path allows individuals to specialize in their field of interest. Theory learned in the classroom will ensure a smooth transition from college into the work place. This prepares you to perform job responsibilities more efficiently, effectively and confidently. The word out is that if you don’t go to college then the chance of someone getting a good job are slim. A report by the Cooperative Institutional Research Program, written by Sax, Astin, Korn, Mahoney and Becker, indicates that “based on more than 260,000 first time freshmen from more than 400 colleges and universities nationwide, 72% of the students reported that one of the primary reasons they decided to attend college was to get a better job.” The analysis from this survey supports the idea that college is essential for professional development. Becker, a writer involved in the analysis process of the freshmen survey, provides a basic overview on the progress students make before entering the job market. “In many ways, colleges and universities function to impart skills, values, and information to students that can later be exchanged in the labor market for wages.”(Becker, 1993) It is fundamental to gain knowledge and skills in the classroom environment to later apply in the work place. College education and work experience is rewarded through wages and benefits.

Moreover, college allows individuals that have an undecided major to explore a diverse array of classes.  Throughout the extent of a four year education, students are enriched by various fields of studies where they obtain the opportunity to choose their major based on their career preferences and interests. The college curriculum acts as a guideline to prepare students to encompass new perspectives and knowledge, which includes, but is not limited to, cultural and value, science and business. An article by Time Magazine, The Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research, providing insight on the essentials of a four year college curriculum.  “Freshmen ought then to take a yearlong English course, with emphasis on writing that should extend to other courses through all four years. The heart of those four years, he declares, should be a required core curriculum that embraces language, the arts, history, social and governmental institutions and the natural sciences. Thus everyone, regardless of individual goals, gets a base of essential common knowledge.”(Time Magazine, 1986) These are the words of Boyer, President of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, which takes a relative approach on the studies colleges should provide or as they call it “a blue print for American Universities.” Both the Boyer Commission and the Carnegie Foundation are credible sources that work in setting standards in education and helping produce academic bill of rights.

Furthermore, the classes offered in college provide the material necessary to create a well rounded individual that can carry knowledge and perspective into society. Mervin B. Freedman, author of The College Experience, describes some of the social changes a Liberal education rewards us with. “Liberal education will make students more independent in their judgment and more flexible in their thinking; it will make them more aware of themselves and of the world around them; it will make them less prejudiced in their thinking; it will make them more socially responsible.” They will be able to understand and connect to the many different areas of life, which in return, helping them become better individuals and professionals. College graduates become the new leaders in society, which means that their education is crucial to make the world a better place.

Ultimately, college leads to a great career upon completion of a degree. College is the process through which an individual discovers part of their identity. College students become “life long learners” by acquiring new morals, values and skills. Higher education influences an individual’s career path to success. College graduates become the new leaders of society and we need educated individuals to make good decisions, which impacts new generations. The gain of experience and knowledge offered in college is priceless.

Works Cited

Lamont A. Flowers “Developing purpose in college: differences between freshmen and seniors”. College Student Journal. 31 May, 2010. <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCR/is_3_36/ai_95356600/.&gt;

Bowen, Ezra. “Education: What Is College For?” 10 Nov. 1986: 2. Time Magazine. Web. 31 May 2010. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,962830-1,00.html&gt;.

Freedman, Mervin. The College Experience. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1967. 202. Print.

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Posted by: frodas | May 24, 2010

Second Rough Draft

What is College for?

There are an infinite amount of reasons why people pursue a college education. After the completion of high school it is natural for students to think about furthering their education at a four year College. The most common reason for people to attend a college institution is to simply extend their knowledge after high school. Often, people go to college to get a piece of paper which portrays these individuals as being worthy and ready to enter the workforce. In reality there is more than just learning new material for a diploma. Higher education allows people from all ages and background to become well rounded. The purpose of a college education can be broken down into a few different parts.

First of all, for those who are certain of what profession they would like to go into, college allows them to specialize in the field of their interest so that when transferring into a career, they will have the experience and knowledge necessary to perform their tasks efficiently, accurately, and with confidence. “Based on more than 260,000 first time freshmen from more than 400 colleges and universities nationwide, 72% of the students reported that one of the primary reasons they decided to attend college was to get a better job.”(Becker, 1993) The majority of individuals that go to college are in there to pursue a degree in a field in which they can get their dream job or one that will offer them better pay in comparison to the wages they would be earning without a college degree. “Thus, in many ways, colleges and universities function to impart skills, values, and information to students that can later be exchanged in the labor market for wages.”(Becker, 1993) Now in day, “more and more jobs require education beyond high school.”(CollegeBoard) A high school degree is no longer seen as a sufficient amount of education. As students gain knowledge through the four years in college, employers are willing to hire a college graduate over a high school graduate as it demonstrates a level of success. (Statistic showing expected earnings as a college grad vs. high school grad)

Furthermore, those who still need time to figure out their major will see college as a place that offers a large and diverse selection of classes in which they can take in order to figure out a topic or field in which they are most interested in. Through the extent of the four years, students are enriched by the education in various fields of learning offered at their college where they can then pick their major according to what they are most interested in. The curriculum in college better prepares us for the world as we touch different subjects that allow us to become more educated on different aspects of life by looking at them through new perspectives. College gives us time to learn about different cultures, values and many more things about life which are offered in our college classes. In an article by Time Magazine, Boyer is quoted on providing an insight on the essential curriculum of a four years of college should look like. The Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University has a very relative perspective on college which I seem to encounter myself. “Freshmen ought then to take a yearlong English course, with emphasis on writing that should extend to other courses through all four years. The heart of those four years, he declares, should be a required core curriculum that embraces language, the arts, history, social and governmental institutions and the natural sciences. Thus everyone, regardless of individual goals, gets a base of essential common knowledge. Moreover, the major subject must be enriched with related requirements on the history of the field, its socioeconomic implications and the ethical issues it raises. If, writes Boyer, a major cannot be discussed in these terms, “it belongs in a trade school.”(Time Magazine, 1986) Without a doubt college will make a well rounded individual that can understand the many areas in life that will help them professionally and individually. Education is the key to freedom and success once a graduate enters the unpredictable real world.

Paragraph 3 – why college isn’t for everyone, more benefits of college— During the last year of high school, many students find themselves overwhelmed by the process and pressures associated with the transition of going into college to continue their education.

Conclusion- path to success (not finished/ rewrite)- add the necessity of a college education now in day.

Ultimately, college will lead to a great career for anyone upon completion of their degree. The value of a higher education is defiantly worth every cent if the financial sacrifice doesn’t go beyond the extremes. College graduates become the new leaders of society and we need educated individuals to make good decisions as it will impact future generations. The experience and education offered at college is material that is unforgettable, helping one succeed and make better decisions. Such opportunity should not be taken for granted as education is an essential part of our lives that help us become smarter and independent. After graduation, your greatest challenges have been overcome and life then can be enjoyed to the fullest while living a successful life with a career that you can enjoy.

Posted by: frodas | May 10, 2010

Final Draft Research Project

The final draft will be turned in on paper even though I posted the rough draft on here.

Posted by: frodas | May 3, 2010

Disciplinary Research Project: Rough Draft

Initially, I had the intention to research a question regarding the possible career paths as a Finance major. This seemed like a good topic to research, but I realized that attending a career fair would be more adequate to inform me of such question. Browsing through the online databases of DePaul, I found difficulty to gather more than two sources with accessible text for some of the alternate questions I wanted to use. I remember hearing many people in class using psychology based questions for their projects.

Looking through all the available online sources, psychology was one of the categories listed in DePaul’s databases which include a wide variety of articles, databases, and journals on this topic. All I had to do now was come up with a question I was truly interested in pertaining to psychology. Thinking back to when I was taking psychology in High School, sleep deprivation was a topic briefly covered which has now become more relevant to my life. As a college student I find myself staying up later due to the increased amount of work needed to be fit in every day. This has made me wonder about the affects my body faces when I lack sleep. Narrowing this wasn’t difficult as I am most interested to know more about the relationship between sleep deprivation and student’s education. My research question has been broken down to the following: how does a lack of sleep affect the ability for students to learn?

The first article I found was through DePaul’s online database written by Karen Banks called “What Research Says About Teenagers And Sleep”. The author of this article states that when deprived of sleep the most common consequence for students are memory lapses. Through scientifically backed research, Banks extensively covers the mental effects students face from the lack of sleep while acknowledging that as we get older there’s more work and less sleep causing a major issue in education. The purpose of the research conducted is to connect the lack of sleep to “emotional, intellectual and social lives of teens” in order to inform the reader on the importance of sleep as we mature. I know that this article is credible because the information is being used for the US Department of Education to have scientific evidence on the issue of sleep deprivation in students.

Some of the major affects discussed by Banks include changes with hormonal, metabolic and stress levels associated with lack of sleep. During sleep the brain releases a hormone called melatonin which by the 8th to 9th hour of adequate sleeping time the hormone drops back to its normal day time level causing someone to become wide awake. While in class, when a student is constantly sleep-deprived, the brain tried to make that up my dozing off and micro sleeps. Many individuals find themselves trying very hard to stay awake at some of our morning classes. I recently learned that those times when you suddenly fall asleep are referred to micro sleeps and memory lapses. They are called micro sleeps because your brain literally falls asleep due to withholding of sleep. Besides dozing off sleep deprivation can have a negative impact while trying to retain new information. When remembering new material for an upcoming exam, having a wide awake memory is essential in order to do well. According to Banks, sleep deprivation can have many consequences besides just bad memory. Some of the side effects include attention deficit, a depressed mood and slower reaction time. While these are only just a few, other things that should be easy when our minds are fully awake become harder the more tired they are. It clearly tells us how about seventy five percent of all teenagers are not getting the proper amount of sleep a night. Students that are not completely out puberty are at their peak for hormonal changes. This tends to make it harder for them to go to sleep at an appropriate time and wake up at the time needed.

My research question is relevant to many people in my age group and to students who face similar circumstances. It’s essential that college students understand the correlation between sleep and how it affects their studies. This might be the reason behind why some of us can’t seem to learn anything from our morning classes as our memory struggles to remember new material taught in class because of the insufficient amount of sleep from the night before.

Another great source comes from the article “Lack of Sleep Could be Trouble for CTE Students”, written by Garry Scarpello. In this article Scarpello suggests that the lack of sleep can have very harmful effects on the body. His writing is developed by first introducing us with the adequate amount of sleep needed and then proceeds by sharing some of the negative effects in our memory, hormones, and metabolism as due to a lack of sleep. He provides us with all the negatives in order to expose the benefits of restoring the body with adequate sleep. “A from the Archives of Disease in Childhood from the United Kingdom, found that lack of sleep could affect a person’s metabolic balance, which may increase the chances of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.” Also, this article reveals the fact that about seventy five percent of all teenagers are not getting the proper amount of sleep a night. Students that are not completely out puberty are at their peak for hormonal changes. This tends to make it harder for them to go to sleep at an appropriate time and wake up at the time needed. (continue to expand)

(add another high quality source, or add support on to previous paragraph)

(Include two interviews)

Overall, my research will help inform students about the importance of proper sleep. I want students who struggle to learn in school to ask themselves if they feel a difference in their academics when they get a sufficient amount of sleep. As a result, they will become aware of the significance sleeping has on their learning abilities. We all know how hard it is to maintain a good GPA, and if getting better sleep will help individuals do better in school, then this issue must be addressed to those who don’t understand the true value behind a good night’s sleep.

Posted by: frodas | April 25, 2010

Research Project Proposal

Initially, I had the intention to research a question regarding the possible career paths as a Finance major. This seemed like a good topic to research, but I realized that attending a career fair would be more adequate to inform me of such question. Browsing through the online databases of DePaul, I found difficulty to gather more than two sources with accessible text for some of the alternate questions I wanted to use. I remember hearing many people in class using psychology based questions for their projects. So I jumped on the bandwagon and chose to take the same route.

Taking a look at the available resources, psychology was one of the categories listed in DePaul’s databases which include a wide variety of articles, databases, and journals on this topic. All I had to do now was come up with a question I was truly interested in pertaining to psychology. Thinking back to when I was taking psychology in High School, sleep deprivation was a topic briefly covered which has now become more relevant to my life. As a college student I find myself staying up later due to the increased amount of work needed to be fit in every day. This has made me wonder about the affects my body faces when I lack sleep. Narrowing this wasn’t difficult as I am most interested to know more about the relationship between sleep deprivation and student’s education. My research question has been broken down to the following: how does a lack of sleep affect the body and the ability for a student to learn?

My research question is relevant to many people in my age group and to students who face similar circumstances. It’s essential that college students understand the correlation between sleep and how it affects their studies. This might be the reason behind why some of us can’t seem to learn anything from our morning classes as our memory struggles to remember new material taught in class because of the insufficient amount of sleep from the night before.

Overall, my research will help inform students about the importance of proper sleep. I want students who struggle to learn in school to ask themselves if they feel a difference in their academics when they get a sufficient amount of sleep. As a result, they will become aware of the significance sleeping has on their learning abilities. We all know how hard it is to maintain a good GPA, and if getting better sleep will help individuals do better in school, then this issue must be addressed to those who don’t understand the true value behind a good night’s sleep.

Citations:

Banks, Karen, and Raleigh, NC. Dept. of Evaluation and Research. Wake County Public School System. What Research Says about Teenagers and Sleep. Research Watch. E&R Report. 2001. ERIC. EBSCO. Web. 25 Apr. 2010.

The author of this article states that when deprived of sleep the most common consequence for students are memory lapses. Through scientifically backed research, Banks extensively covers the mental effects students face from the lack of sleep while acknowledging that as we get older there’s more work and less sleep causing a major issue in education. The purpose of the research conducted is to connect the lack of sleep to “emotional, intellectual and social lives of teens” in order to inform the reader on the importance of sleep as we mature. This article is intended for the US Department of Education to have scientific evidence on the issue of sleep deprivation in students.

Scarpello, G. (2010). Lack of Sleep Could be Trouble for CTE Students. Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, 85(2), 8-9. Retrieved from Education Research Complete database.

In this article Scarpello suggests that the lack of sleep can have very harmful effects on the body. His writing is developed by first introducing us with the adequate amount of sleep needed and then proceeds by sharing some of the negative effects in our memory, hormones, and metabolism as due to a lack of sleep. He provides us with all the negatives in order to expose the benefits of restoring the body with adequate sleep. The audience of this article is targeted to people who don’t recognize the consequences of sleep deprivation.

“Slipping Sleep Routines.” Scholastic Parent & Child 13.4 (2006): 57. Education Research Complete. EBSCO. Web. 25 Apr. 2010.

This article urges parents to create a bed time schedule for their children to get the nine to eleven hours of sleep they need. The author starts by addressing the issue that children aren’t getting enough sleep and how it affects children differently from adults. The purpose is to have parents make sure they eliminate pre-bed activities and provide them with a sleeping time that will allow their children to have an adequate night’s sleep. The intended audience is for parents with children in preschool who have “trouble staying awake in the afternoon, routinely falls asleep, and needs to be prodded awake every morning.”

Posted by: frodas | April 18, 2010

Preliminary Project Question

How does a lack of sleep affect the body and the ability for a student to learn?

Posted by: frodas | April 7, 2010

Interrupted Reading Analysis

This painting is unlike any other piece of Corot’s artwork which gives me the incentive to discover the significance behind the slouched lady with a book in her hand. From my  perspective, I see a traditional woman from the 1870’s with a book in her hands, moved away from her eyes in order to take time to reflect over what she has read. The book definitely has a lot to do with whatever argument Corot is trying to reflect in his painting “Interrupted Reading”. The way she sits, lost in thought, is projected very well in the painting. This is obviously an upper-class woman shown by the dress she is wearing, as well as, the pearls, earrings, and the fact that she is reading a book. Her slouched posture is probably due to the length it took to paint her to such detailed perfection. Without research “Interrupted Reading” is just another of Corot’s great paintings without much significant meaning.

Much of my analysis is based on the year in which this painting was created (1870). I came across a web page that contains information about “Dime Novels for Women, 1870-1920”. It has a section describing the history of reading and books, which stated that “prior to the Civil War, reading and publishing were activities confined to the upper class and upper-middle classes.” This supports my thought in thinking that she was an upper-class woman as it was limited to the wealthy until the turning point beginning at the 19th century. There have been many other similar pictures and paintings that date back to this time, which is described as follows: “She appears to have been momentarily interrupted from her pleasurable pastime, gazing directly out at the newsstand owner who has caught her in the act of reading.” I believe this description is very applicable to the painting “Interrupted Reading”. Even though this site refers to the work in America, I’m sure the same changes in education and libraries where taking place in Europe.

In conclusion, I believe this painting resembles an exact point in time (1870) at which reading and free public education was being introduced to all classes. The high class woman represents a point in time when social movements in literature were occurring. At this time, Corot has shifted his artwork from some of his more traditional landscapes to using different themes of nature, colors, and shades. His artwork is also known to have hidden poetic and lyrical meanings, similar to Tupac’s use of subliminal messages hidden in his songs.

http://chnm.gmu.edu/dimenovels/intro.html

Posted by: frodas | April 5, 2010

Rhetorical Précis – Interrupted Reading

One:

“Camille Corot.” Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 03 Apr. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/138362/Camille-Corot>.

The Encyclopedia Britannica offers a great deal of information about the factors that lead Corot in becoming a successful painter from the very beginning of his career. The writer starts out by sharing with the reader a series of significant events due to the extraordinary paintings that he’s made which have brought him to a greater level of accomplishment in the art world. The author points out several aspects about Corot’s work which has caused him to succeed across a time line to better understand the process of accomplishment. This website is intended for those acquiring information about how his career grew over time.

Two:

“Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot.” The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. 2007. 03 Apr. 2010 <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0813632.html>.

This short article argues that Corot was among the most influential painters in the 19th century. The writer provides background information of where Corot passion grew from as well as other destinations he traveled and continued to paint landscapes, his favorite paintings. The author emphasizes the many areas he traveled to work in and how he loved to do most of his work outside with nature and the places where his art work was shown. This article is perfect for anyone who is interested in a short summary of Corot’s career and the slight changes in his painting styles incorporated, such as alternating lighting as well as using shades of grays and greens for most of the painting.

Three:

Corot, Jean-Baptiste Camille (1796-1875).” The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide. Abington: Helicon, 2009. Credo Reference. Web. 03 April 2010.

This article describes the most useful and complete information about the painter’s life covering certain paintings and specific characteristics of them. The writer points out the different sets in which his paintings where done, such as the landscapes that he painted while traveling to Italy, France, Switzerland and Holland. The author writes a detailed biography on Corot’s successful career as a painter whose art work revolves around nature and was well recognized by many institutions. This is intended to be read by those who are learning about Corot and would like to know more about his path towards success as well as the inspirations behind his paintings which is supported by dates to help map out his accomplishments.

Posted by: frodas | March 31, 2010

Tupac Shakur – Thug Life

Primary Source:

  • The photograph of Tupac Shakur below is recognized as the primary source which displays his tattoo “THUG LIFE” stretching across his abdominal region.

http://www.tupachq.com/magazines/tupac_covers05.jpg

Secondary Source:

  • The website 2Pac2K offers a variety of information about Tupac. There is a biography on the site which states that in 1994 he released the album “THUG LIFE.” In addition, the tattoo was inked on his body back in 1992. The description of the tattoo is as follows. “It stands for ‘The Hate U Give Little Infants, Fucks Everybody’. The I is replaced by a bullet.”

http://www.2pac2k.de/bio.html

Tertiary Source:

  • A source that shares the same understanding of the tattoo as my secondary source is Urban Dictionary. There are various entries that suggest that this stands for a code that Tupac himself created which consists of twenty six laws gangsters must follow.

http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=thug%20life

  • Wikipedia offers an alternative to the meaning behind “THUG LIFE”. It doesn’t necessarily relate to the actual tattoo but does talk about the record album that was made by several of his friends and himself as I already mentioned. The album went gold which is a great accomplishment, as well as a good reason to get “THUG LIFE” tattooed on himself. It is still unclear whether the tattoo is correspondent to the album because he got the tattoo back in ’92 and the album was released in ’94 or if it simply stood for the code Thug Life that he created.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupac_Shakur#Thug_Life

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